Wax was removed using a variety of different tools - both power and hand. As you can see the wax slowly takes shape. Once the paper image is removed, I marked the image with a sharpie to give guidelines of form and shape.
The final stages of preparing a wax for casting are the most tedious. It is necessary to remove every scratch and nick, creating a smooth surface. Any mark that is in the wax will show up in the metal, and it is harder to remove inclusions from metal than from wax. The picture on the right is very close to being ready.
I used the lost wax casting method to produce the model in 14K gold. This traditional technique involves encompassing the wax in "investment" which cradles the wax and oozes into all its cracks and crevices. The wax is then burned out in a special oven, leaving a cavity in the shape of the original. Molten metal is then poured into the cavity. Once cooled, the investment is washed away to create a replica of the wax.
It took more hours than I care to admit but it was gratifying and educational, and I look forward to the next project!